Water scarcity can mean scarcity in availability due to physical shortage, or scarcity in access due to the failure of institutions to ensure a regular supply or due to a lack of adequate infrastructure. Water scarcity already affects every continent. Water use has been growing globally at more than twice the rate of population increase in the last century, and an increasing number of regions are reaching the limit at which water services can be sustainably delivered, especially in arid regions.
Water stress poses serious threats to human lives, livelihoods and business stability. It’s poised to worsen unless countries act: Population growth, socioeconomic development and urbanization are increasing water demands, while climate change can make precipitation and demand more variable. Without physical transfer system coupled as clean and sustainable transport system such as The Hydroloop® System©, the world is heading to unavoidable catastrophe. In today world that depends heavily on water for its energy supplies – be it for cooling, transportation, hydropower, or food production – more frequent and more intensive droughts threaten energy production.
Globally, 17 Countries, 12 are in Africa, home to one-quarter of the world's population, face extremely high water stress.
The Middle East and North Africa is the most water-stressed region on Earth.